Dr.Bidloo published an anatomical atlas, Anatomies Humane Corpora's, with illustrations
showing the human figure both in living attitudes and as dissected cadavers.
Dr. Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694) noted in his treatise; ridges, spirals and loops in fingerprints.
J.C.Mayer was the first to write out basic tenets of fingerprint analysis and theorized that fingerprints were unique.
Dr. Purkinje classified the papillary lines on the fingertips into nine types: arch, tented arch, ulna loop, radial loop, peacock’s eye/compound, spiral whorl, elliptical whorl, circular whorl, and double loop/composite. Joanne's Evangelista Purkinji found that the patterns on one’s finger tips and the ridges and lines on one’s prints begin to form at around the thirteenth week in the womb.
Dr. Charles Bell (1774-1842) was one of the first physicians to combine the scientific study of neuroanatomy with clinical practice. He published The Hand: Its Mechanism and Vital Endowments as Evincing Design.
Dr. Francis Galton published his book, “Fingerprints”, establishing the individuality and permanence of fingerprints. The book included the first classification system for fingerprints: Arch, Loop, Whorl.
Harris Hawthorne Wilder was the first American to study dermatoglyphics.
He invented the Main Line Index, studied the Nar hyposthenia eminencies, zones II, III, IV.
Elizabeth Wilson started analyzing the status of grain scientifically at University of Columbia by using statistics to check the difference between people with schizophrenia, low intelligence and normal people.
Dr. Harold Cummins & Dr. Charles Midol coined the term “dermatoglyphics”. They showed that the hand contained significant dermatoglyphics configurations that would assist the identification of mongolism in the new-born child. They also researched the embryo-genesis of skin ridge patterns and established that the fingerprint patterns actually develop in the womb and are fully formed by the fourth fetal month.
Society for the Study of Physiological Patterns started the study of the five types of fingerprints and their unique personality traits (SSPP physiology society)
Dr. Julius Spier published The Hands of Children, analysis of children’s psychological
personality development using the Dermatoglyphics method.
Dr. Penfield a Canadian brain surgeon professor pointed out that there is a close link and relationship between the fingerprints and the brain.
Dr.Walker used the dermal configurations in the diagnosis of mongolism.
Noel Jaquin researched and found that each fingerprint corresponds to each type of personality.
Sarah Holt published ‘The Genetics of Dermal Ridges’ which summarizes her research in dermatoglyphic patterns of both the fingers and the palm in various peoples, both normal and congenitally affected.
John J. Mulvihill, MD and David W. Smith, MD published The Genesis of Dermatoglyphics that proves the most up to date version of how fingerprints form.
USSR Carried out research work of the human potential, intelligence and talents in dermatoglyphics and human genome perspective.
China Carried out research work of the human potential, intelligence and talents in dermatoglyphics and human genome perspective.
Dr. Chen Yi Moo PhD. of Harvard University Based on Multiple Intelligences theory of Dr. Howard Gardner, First person who applied dermatoglyphics to educational fields and Brain Physiology.
Fitzherbert :- The significant figure for the scholastic research for skin grains, Fitzherbert published over 300 thesis on the .relationship of Dermatoglyphics, Anthropology, Anatomy and Medical Science.
Dr. Stowens, Chief of Pathology at St. Luke's hospital in New York Claims :-to be able to diagnose Schizophrenia and Leukemia With up to 90% accuracy. In Germany, Dr. Alexander Rode Wald reports claimed, he can pinpoint many congenital abnormalities with 90% accuracy.
IBMBS – International Behavioral and Medical Biometrics Society - Over 7,000 reports and thesis published. Nowadays U.S.A, Japan, China and Taiwan, all apply dermatoglyphics to educational fields, expecting to improve Teaching qualities and raising learning efficiency by
knowing various learning styles.